Slavery During the Founding Era of America



Enslaved People

Enslaved Families of Monticello: Jupiter and Suck

Jupiter was a personal servant to Jefferson. He took care of Jefferson’s shave, dress, and handling of all his personal affairs. Additionally, he trained as a stone cutter since Jefferson required all male domestic servants to train in a second... Continue Reading →


Mulberry Row at Monticello

Mulberry Row is where most enslaved people lived and worked. This area, located off of the main house, held workshops, storage buildings, and homes. Go to and name the structures that are found in Figure 4.  Jefferson changed Mulberry... Continue Reading →

Thomas Jefferson as a Slaveholder

Jefferson valued efficiency and effectiveness, and those values are reflected in his performance as a slaveholder. In 1776, Jefferson made a census of the “Number of Soul in [his] Family,” which numbered 117 people. Excluding his own white family and... Continue Reading →

The Slave Trade During the Revolutionary Era

  The slave trade played a crucial role in the Afro-European commerce that developed on the Gold Coast of Africa. In earlier African history, the demand for enslaved people came from merchants who were traveling the coast and required laborers... Continue Reading →

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